List of non-coding variants covered by Microcephaly NGS panel

List of non-coding variants covered by
Microcephaly NGS panel

Gene Non-coding variant
ASPM c.2761-25A>G
ATR c.6897+464C>G
CDK5RAP2 c.4005-15A>G
CEP152 c.2148-17G>A
DONSON c.786-22A>G
ERCC6 c.1397+7751G>A
EXOSC3 c.475-12A>G
NCAPD3 c.382+14A>G
PNKP c.1387-33_1386+49delCCTCCTCCCCTGACCCC
POMT1 c.-30-2A>G
RBBP8 c.2287+53T>G
XRCC4 c.-10-1G>T

List of non-coding variants covered by Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia NGS panel

List of non-coding variants covered by
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia NGS panel

Gene Non-coding variant
BTD c.310-15delT
GBE1 c.2053-3358_2053-3350delGTGTGGTGGinsTGTTTTTTACATGACAGGT
GJC2 c.-170A>G
GJC2 c.-167A>G
GJC2 c.-20+1G>C
L1CAM c.2432-19A>C
L1CAM c.523+12C>T
L1CAM c.2209-42_2229del
PAH c.1199+17G>A
PAH c.1066-11G>A
PAH c.169-13T>G
PLP1 c.454-314T>G
PLP1 c.454-312C>G
PLP1 c.453+159G>A
PLP1 c.453+164G>A
TH c.1198-24T>A
TH c.-70G>A
TH c.-71C>T
PLP1 c.454-312C>G
PLP1 c.453+159G>A
PLP1 c.453+164G>A

List of non-coding variants covered by Frontotemporal Dementia NGS panel

List of non-coding variants covered by
Frontotemporal Dementia NGS panel

Gene Non-coding variant
APP c.*331_*332delAT
APP c.-49+100C>A
APP c.-516C>G
APP c.-681G>A
CSF1R c.1859-119G>A
FUS c.*48G>A
FUS c.*59G>A
FUS c.*105dupT
FUS c.*108C>T
FUS c.*110G>A
FUS c.*132C>A
FUS c.*190C>A
GRN c.-9A>G
GRN c.-8+3A>T
GRN c.-8+3A>G
GRN c.-8+5G>C
MAPT c.1774-15T>C
MAPT c.1866+11T>C
MAPT c.1866+12C>T
MAPT c.1866+13A>G
MAPT c.1866+14C>T
MAPT c.1866+15A>C
MAPT c.1866+16C>T
MAPT c.1866+19C>G
PSEN1 c.869-23_869-22insTGGAATTTTGTGCTGTTG
SIGMAR1 c.*51G>T
SNCA c.*464C>A
TARDBP c.*83T>C
TARDBP c.*697G>A
VCP c.-360G>C

List of non-coding variants covered by Microcephaly NGS panel

List of non-coding variants covered by
Microcephaly NGS panel

Gene Non-coding variant
ASPM c.2761-25A>G
ATR c.6897+464C>G
CDK5RAP2 c.4005-15A>G
CEP152 c.2148-17G>A
DONSON c.786-22A>G
ERCC6 c.1397+7751G>A
EXOSC3 c.475-12A>G
NCAPD3 c.382+14A>G
PNKP c.1387-33_1386+49delCCTCCTCCCCTGACCCC
POMT1 c.-30-2A>G
RBBP8 c.2287+53T>G
XRCC4 c.-10-1G>T

List of diseases covered by Neurofibromatosis NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Neurofibromatosis NGS panel

Gene Condition
CCND1 von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, modifier of
LZTR1 Schwannomatosis-2, susceptibility to
NF1 Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome;
Neurofibromatosis, familial spinal; Neurofibromatosis, type 1;
Watson syndrome
NF2 Meningioma, NF2-related, somatic; Neurofibromatosis, type 2;
Schwannomatosis, somatic
SMARCB1 Rhabdoid tumor predisposition syndrome 1;
Schwannomatosis-1, susceptibility to; Coffin-Siris syndrome 3
SPRED1 Legius syndrome
TSC1 Tuberous sclerosis complex
TSC2 Tuberous sclerosis complex
VHL von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

List of diseases covered by Melanoma NGS panel

List of diseases covered by Melanoma NGS panel

Gene Condition
CDK4 Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 3
CDKN2A Melanoma and neural system tumor syndrome;
Melanoma-pancreatic cancer syndrome; Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 2
MC1R Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 5;
Albinism, oculocutaneous, type II, modifier of;
Skin/hair/eye pigmentation 2, blond hair/fair skin
MITF Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, susceptibility to, 8;
Tietz albinism-deafness syndrome
POT1 Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, susceptibility to, 10;
Glioma susceptibility 9
TERT Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 9;
Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal dominant 2; Leukemia, acute myeloid;
Pulmonary fibrosis and/or bone marrow failure, telomere-related, 1
XRCC3 Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 6;
Breast cancer, susceptibility to

List of diseases covered by Frazer Syndrome NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Frazer Syndrome NGS panel

Gene Condition
EYA1 Otofaciocervical syndrome;
Anterior segment anomalies with or without cataract; ranchiootic syndrome 1;
Branchiootorenal syndrome 1, with or without cataracts
FREM1 Bifid nose with or without anorectal and renal anomalies;
Manitoba oculotrichoanal syndrome; Trigonocephaly 2
FREM2 Cryptophthalmos, unilateral or bilateral, isolated; Fraser syndrome 2
FRAS1 Fraser syndrome 1
GRIP1 Fraser syndrome 3
SIX1 Branchiootic syndrome 3; Deafness, autosomal dominant 23
SIX5 Branchiootorenal syndrome 2

List of diseases covered by Melanoma NGS panel

List of diseases covered by Melanoma NGS panel

Gene Condition
CDK4 Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 3
CDKN2A Melanoma and neural system tumor syndrome;
Melanoma-pancreatic cancer syndrome; Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 2
MC1R Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 5;
Albinism, oculocutaneous, type II, modifier of;
Skin/hair/eye pigmentation 2, blond hair/fair skin
MITF Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, susceptibility to, 8;
Tietz albinism-deafness syndrome
POT1 Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, susceptibility to, 10;
Glioma susceptibility 9
TERT Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 9;
Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal dominant 2; Leukemia, acute myeloid;
Pulmonary fibrosis and/or bone marrow failure, telomere-related, 1
XRCC3 Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 6;
Breast cancer, susceptibility to

List of non-coding variants covered by Congenital Muscular Dystrophy NGS panel

List of non-coding variants covered by
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy NGS panel

Gene Non-coding variant
DMD c.9974+175T>A
DMD c.9225-285A>G
DMD c.9225-647A>G
DMD c.8217+18052A>G
DMD c.6614+3310G>T
DMD c.4675-11A>G
DMD c.3432+2036A>G
DMD c.961-5831C>T
DMD c.832-15A>G
DMD c.650-39498A>G
DMD c.265-463A>G
DMD c.93+5590T>A
DMD c.31+36947G>A
FKRP c.-272G>A
FKTN c.648-1243G>T
LAMA2 c.5071+3104del
LMNA c.513+45T>G
LMNA c.1609-12T>G
POMGNT1 1284+2_1284+19del18
POMT1 c.-30-2A>G
SELENON c.*1107T>C

List of diseases covered by Congenital Muscular Dystrophy NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy NGS panel

Gene Condition
B3GALNT2 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with brain and eye anomalies, type A, 11
B4GAT1 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with brain and eye anomalies), type A, 13
CHKB Muscular dystrophy, congenital, megaconial type
COL12A1 Bethlem myopathy 2; Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 2
COL6A1 Bethlem myopathy 1; Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 1
COL6A2 Bethlem myopathy 1; Myosclerosis, congenital;
Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 1
COL6A3 Bethlem myopathy 1; Dystonia 27;
Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 1
CRPPA Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 7;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with brain and eye anomalies), type A, 7
DAG1 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type A, 9;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 9
DMD Becker muscular dystrophy; Cardiomyopathy, dilated, 3B;
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
DPM1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ie
DPM2 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Iu
DPM3 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 15;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with impaired intellectual development), type B, 15
EMD mery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy 1, X-linked
FKRP Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with brain and eye anomalies), type A, 5;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with or without mental retardation), type B, 5;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 5
FKTN Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type A, 4;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type B, 4;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(limb-girdle), type C, 4; Cardiomyopathy, dilated, 1X
GMPPB Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with brain and eye anomalies), type A, 14;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with mental retardation), type B, 14;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 14
ITGA7 Muscular dystrophy, congenital, due to ITGA7 deficiency
LAMA2 Muscular dystrophy, congenital, merosin deficient or partially deficient;
Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, autosomal recessive 23
LARGE1 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with brain and eye anomalies), type A, 6;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with mental retardation), type B, 6
LMNA Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1B;
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, type 2B1;
Cardiomyopathy, dilated, 1A;
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy 2, AD;
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy 3, AR;
Muscular dystrophy, congenital
POMGNT1 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type A, 3;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type B, 3;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 3
POMGNT2 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with brain and eye anomalies, type A, 8;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle) type C, 8
POMK Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 12;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type A, 12
POMT1 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type A, 1;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type B, 1;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 1
POMT2 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type A, 2;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, type B, 2;
Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 2
RXYLT1 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy
(congenital with brain and eye anomalies), type A, 10
SELENON Muscular dystrophy, rigid spine, 1;
Myopathy, congenital, with fiber-type disproportion
TCAP Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2G;
Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic, 25

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy NGS panel

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
B3GALNT2, B4GAT1, CHKB, COL12A1, COL6A1, COL6A2, COL6A3, CRPPA, DAG1, DMD, DPM1, DPM2, DPM3, EMD, FKRP, FKTN, GMPPB, ITGA7, LAMA2, LARGE1, LMNA, POMGNT1, POMGNT2, POMK, POMT1, POMT2, RXYLT1, SELENON, TCAP

List of diseases covered by the panel


Non-coding variants: List of non-coding variants covered by the panel

Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

List of diseases covered by Cornelia de Lange Syndrome NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Cornelia de Lange Syndrome NGS panel

Gene Condition
AFF4 CHOPS syndrome
ANKRD11 KBG syndrome
HDAC8 Cornelia de Lange syndrome 5
KMT2A Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome
NIPBL Cornelia de Lange syndrome 1
RAD21 Cornelia de Lange syndrome 4
SMC3 Cornelia de Lange syndrome 3
SMC1A Cornelia de Lange syndrome 2
TAF6 Alazami-Yuan syndrome

Cornelia de Lange Syndrome NGS panel

Cornelia de Lange Syndrome
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
AFF4, ANKRD11, HDAC8, KMT2A, NIPBL, RAD21, SMC3, SMC1A, TAF6

List of diseases covered by the panel


Non-coding variants: List of non-coding variants covered by the panel

Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the NIPBL gene

Genes: NIPBL

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Carrier testing of at-risk female relatives
3. Prenatal diagnosis for known familial mutation
4. Genetic counseling

Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is characterized by distinctive facial features, growth retardation, developmental delay, hirsutism, and limb abnormalities. Craniofacial features include synophrys, arched eyebrows, long eyelashes, small upturned nose and thin downturned lips, small widely spaced teeth, and microcephaly.

Additional findings may include cardiac defects, gastrointestinal dysfunction, hearing loss, myopia, seizures, cleft palate, and cryptorchidism or hypoplastic genitalia.

The prevalence of disorder is estimated at 1:50,000 for the classic form of CdLS. CdLS can be inherited in an autosomal dominant or X-linked manner.

References:

Barisic I et al. EUROCAT Working Group. Descriptive epidemiology of Cornelia de Lange syndrome in Europe. Am J Med Genet A.2008;146A:51–9.
Deardorff MA et al. Cornelia de Lange Syndrome. GeneReviews® 2005 Sept 16 (Updated 2011 Oct 27).
Kline AD et al. Natural history of aging in Cornelia de Lange syndrome. Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 2007;145C:248–60. 

List of diseases covered by Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy
NGS panel

Gene Condition
ACTC1 Left ventricular noncompaction 4; Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic, 11;
Atrial septal defect 5
CASQ2 Ventricular tachycardia, catecholaminergic polymorphic, 2
DTNA Left ventricular noncompaction 1, with or without congenital heart defects
LDB3 Left ventricular noncompaction 3; Myopathy, myofibrillar, 4
LMNA Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1B;
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, type 2B1;
Cardiomyopathy, dilated, 1A;
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy 2, AD;
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy 3, AR;
Muscular dystrophy, congenital; Heart-hand syndrome, Slovenian type;
Lipodystrophy, familial partial, type 2; Malouf syndrome
MIB1 Left ventricular noncompaction 7
MYBPC3 Left ventricular noncompaction 10; Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic, 4
MYH7 Left ventricular noncompaction 5; Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic, 1;
Laing distal myopathy; Myopathy, myosin storage, autosomal dominant;
Myopathy, myosin storage, autosomal recessive;
Scapuloperoneal syndrome, myopathic type
PRDM16 Left ventricular noncompaction 8
TAZ Barth syndrome
TNNT2 Left ventricular noncompaction 6; Cardiomyopathy, familial restrictive, 3;
Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic, 2
TPM1 Left ventricular noncompaction 9; Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic, 3
VCL Cardiomyopathy, dilated, 1W; Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic, 15

Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy NGS panel

Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ACTC1, CASQ2, DTNA, LDB3, LMNA, MIB1, MYBPC3, MYH7, PRDM16, TAZ, TNNT2, TPM1, VCL

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

 

List of non-coding variants covered by Charcot-Marie-Tooth NGS panel

List of non-coding variants covered by
Charcot-Marie-Tooth NGS panel

Gene Non-coding variant
CTDP1 c.863+389C>T
GJB1 c.-103C>T
GJB1 c.-17G>A
GJB1 c.-17+1G>T
GJB1 c.-17+2T>C
GJB1 c.-16-2A>G
GJB1 c.-16-1G>A
HK1 c.-390-3838G>C
HK1 c.-390-3818G>C
IGHMBP2 c.1235+894C>A
LMNA c.513+45T>G
LMNA c.1609-12T>G
NTRK1 c.851-33T>A
NTRK1 c.2206-11G>A
SEPT9 c.-134G>C
SURF1 c.324-11T>G

List of non-coding variants covered by Dystonia NGS panel

List of non-coding variants covered by
Dystonia NGS panel

Gene Non-coding variant
ATM c.2639-384A>G
ATM c.2839-579_2839-576del
ATM c.5763-1050A>G
ATP7B c.-439_-425del
ATP7B c.-676A>G
SLC2A1 c.680-11G>A
TH c.1198-24T>A
TH c.-70G>A
TH c.-71C>T
TIMM8A c.133-23A>C

List of non-coding variants covered by Hereditary Ataxia NGS panel

List of non-coding variants covered by
Hereditary Ataxia NGS panel

Gene Non-coding variant
AMT c.-55C>T
ATM c.-30-1G>T
ATM c.2639-384A>G
ATM c.2839-579_2839-576delAAGT
ATM c.5763-1050A>G
CACNA1A c.631+5G>A
CACNA1A c.4093-3C>G
CACNA1A c.5403+2T>C
CEP290 c.2991+1655A>G
CEP290 c.1910-11T>G
CEP290 c.1066-1G>A
CEP290 c.1190-2A>G
CEP290 c.2052+1_2052+2delGT
CEP290 c.4438-3delC
CEP290 c.4813-2A>G
CEP290 c.3461+1G>A
CEP290 c.6135+2T>A
COQ8A c.*72dupG
DARS c.228-22T>A
GSS c.-9+5G>A
KCNJ10 c.-1+1G>T
OFD1 c.935+706A>G
OFD1 c.1130-22_1130-19delAATT
OFD1 c.413-10T>G
PAX6 c.142-14C>G
PAX6 c.-52+1G>A
PAX6 c.-52+5delG
PAX6 c.-52+3_-52+6delAAGTinsTG
PAX6 c.-52+3_-52+4delAA
PAX6 c.-128-2delA
PAX6 c.-129+2T>A
PAX6 c.-129+1G>A
PAX6 c.-138_-129+3delCCTCATAAAGGTG
PEX7 c.-45C>T
PNKP c.1386+49_1387_33delCCTCCTCCCCTGACCCC
SERAC1 c.92-165C>T
SERAC1 c.92-239G>C
SLC2A1 c.680-11G>A
SLC52A2 c.-110-1G>A
STUB1 c.*240T>C
SYNE1 c.15918-12A>G
TMEM231 c.824-11T>C
TPP1 c.887-18A>G
TTC19 c.-42G>T

Congenital Fibrosis of Extraocular Muscles NGS panel

Congenital Fibrosis of Extraocular Muscles NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
KIF21A, TUBB3, TUBB2B, PHOX2A

Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

List of diseases covered by Hypomagnesemia NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Hypomagnesemia NGS panel

Gene Condition
BSND Bartter syndrome, type 4a
CASR Hyperparathyroidism, neonatal;
Hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant; Hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, type I;
Epilepsy idiopathic generalized, susceptibility to, 8
CLCNKB Bartter syndrome, type 3; Bartter syndrome, type 4b, digenic
CLDN16 Hypomagnesemia 3, renal
CLDN19 Hypomagnesemia 5, renal, with ocular involvement
CNNM2 Hypomagnesemia 6, renal;
Hypomagnesemia, seizures, and mental retardation
CNNM4 Jalili syndrome
EGF Hypomagnesemia 4, renal
FAM111A Kenny-Caffey syndrome, type 2;
Gracile bone dysplasia
FXYD2 Hypomagnesemia 2, renal
HNF1B Renal cysts and diabetes syndrome;
Diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent; Renal cell carcinoma
KCNA1 Episodic ataxia/myokymia syndrome
KCNJ10 Enlarged vestibular aqueduct, digenic;
SESAME syndrome
MAGT1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Icc;
Immunodeficiency, X-linked, with magnesium defect,
Epstein-Barr virus infection and neoplasia
PCBD1 Hyperphenylalaninemia, BH4-deficient, D
SARS2 Hyperuricemia, pulmonary hypertension, renal failure, and alkalosis
SLC12A3 Gitelman syndrome
TRPM6 Hypomagnesemia 1, intestinal

Hypomagnesemia NGS panel

Hypomagnesemia NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
BSND, CASR, CLCNKB, CLDN16, CLDN19, CNNM2, CNNM4, EGF, FAM111A, FXYD2, HNF1B, KCNA1, KCNJ10, MAGT1, NIPA2, PCBD1, SARS2, SLC12A3, TRPM6

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

List of diseases covered by Familial Hemiplegic Migraine NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Familial Hemiplegic Migraine NGS panel

Gene Condition
ATP1A2 Migraine, familial hemiplegic, 2;
Alternating hemiplegia of childhood 1
ATP1A3 Alternating hemiplegia of childhood 2; CAPOS syndrome; Dystonia-12
CACNA1A Migraine, familial hemiplegic, 1;
Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 42; Episodic ataxia, type 2;
Spinocerebellar ataxia 6
CSNK1D Advanced sleep-phase syndrome, familial, 2
KCNK18 Migraine, with or without aura, susceptibility to, 13
NOTCH3 Cerebral arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts
and leukoencephalopathy 1; Lateral meningocele syndrome;
Myofibromatosis, infantile 2
PNKD Paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia 1
POLG Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4A (Alpers type);
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4B (MNGIE type);
Mitochondrial recessive ataxia syndrome (includes SANDO and SCAE);
Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, autosomal dominant 1;
Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, autosomal recessive 1
PRRT2 Convulsions, familial infantile, with paroxysmal choreoathetosis;
Episodic kinesigenic dyskinesia 1; Seizures, benign familial infantile, 2
SCN1A Migraine, familial hemiplegic, 3;
Epilepsy, generalized, with febrile seizures plus, type 2;
Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 6 (Dravet syndrome)
SLC1A3 Episodic ataxia, type 6
SLC2A1 Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, susceptibility to, 12; Dystonia 9;
GLUT1 deficiency syndrome 1, infantile onset, severe;
GLUT1 deficiency syndrome 2, childhood onset;
Stomatin-deficient cryohydrocytosis with neurologic defects
SLC4A4 Renal tubular acidosis, proximal, with ocular abnormalities

Familial Hemiplegic Migraine NGS panel

Familial Hemiplegic Migraine NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ALPK1, ATP1A2, ATP1A3, CACNA1A, CSNK1D, KCNK6, KCNK18, NOTCH3, PNKD, POLG, PRRT2, SCN1A, SLC1A3, SLC2A1, SLC4A4

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

List of diseases covered by Female Infertility NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Female Infertility NGS panel

Gene Condition
ANOS1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 1 with or without anosmia
(Kallmann syndrome 1)
AR Aplasia of the uterus
BMP15 Premature ovarian failure 4
BMP4 Microphthalmia, syndromic 6; Orofacial cleft 11
CASR Hyperparathyroidism, neonatal;
Hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant; Hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, type I
CFTR Cystic fibrosis
CLPP Perrault syndrome 3
DUOX2 Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 6
DUOXA2 Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 5
DUSP6 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 19 with or without anosmia
EIF2B1 Leukoencephalopathy with vanishing white matter
EIF2B2 Ovarioleukodystrophy
EIF2B4 Ovarioleukodystrophy
EIF2B5 Ovarioleukodystrophy
ERCC6 Premature ovarian failure 11
ESR1 Estrogen resistance
ESR2 Ovarian dysgenesis 8
F2 Thrombophilia due to thrombin defect;
Pregnancy loss, recurrent, susceptibility to, 2
F5 Thrombophilia due to activated protein C resistance;
Factor V deficiency; Pregnancy loss, recurrent, susceptibility to, 1
FEZF1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 22, with or without anosmia
FGF17 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 20 with or without anosmia
FGF8 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 6 with or without anosmia
FGFR1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 2 with or without anosmia
FIGLA Premature ovarian failure 6
FLRT3 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 21 with anosmia
FMR1 Premature ovarian failure 1
FOXE1 Bamforth-Lazarus syndrome
FOXL2 Premature ovarian failure 3
FSHB Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 24 without anosmia
FSHR Ovarian dysgenesis 1;
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome;
Ovarian response to FSH stimulation
GCM2 Hyperparathyroidism 4; Hypoparathyroidism, familial isolated
GDF9 Premature ovarian failure 14
GHR Growth hormone insensitivity, partial; Laron dwarfism
GLIS3 Diabetes mellitus, neonatal, with congenital hypothyroidism
GNAS McCune-Albright syndrome;
ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia;
Pseudohypoparathyroidism Ia; Pseudohypoparathyroidism Ib;
Pseudohypoparathyroidism Ic; Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism;
Osseous heteroplasia, progressive
GNRH1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 12 with or without anosmia
GNRHR Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 7 without anosmia
HARS2 Perrault syndrome 2
HESX1 Growth hormone deficiency with pituitary anomalies
HFM1 Premature ovarian failure 9
HSD17B4 Perrault syndrome 1
HS6ST1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 15 with or without anosmia
IGSF1 Hypothyroidism, central, and testicular enlargement
IL17RD Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 18 with or without anosmia
IRS4 Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 9
IYD Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 4
KISS1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 13 with or without anosmia
KISS1R Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 8 with or without anosmia;
Precocious puberty, central, 1
LARS2 Perrault syndrome 4
LHCGR Leydig cell hypoplasia with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism
LHB Isolated lutropin deficiency
LHX3 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 3
LHX4 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 4
MCM8 Premature ovarian failure 10
MCM9 Ovarian dysgenesis 4
MSH5 Premature ovarian failure 13
MRPS22 Ovarian dysgenesis 7
MTHFR Homocystinuria due to MTHFR deficiency
NKX2-1 Choreoathetosis, hypothyroidism, and neonatal respiratory distress
NKX2-5 Hypothyroidism, congenital nongoitrous, 5
NOBOX Premature ovarian failure 5
NR0B1 Adrenal hypoplasia, congenital; 46XY sex reversal 2, dosage-sensitive
NR5A1 Premature ovarian failure 7; 46, XX sex reversal 4; 46XY sex reversal 3
NSMF Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 9 with or without anosmia
NUP107 Ovarian dysgenesis 6; Nephrotic syndrome, type 11;
Galloway-Mowat syndrome 7
OTX2 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 6;
Retinal dystrophy, early-onset, with or without pituitary dysfunction
PADI6 Preimplantation embryonic lethality 2
PATL2 Oocyte maturation defect 4
PAX8 Hypothyroidism, congenital, due to thyroid dysgenesis or hypoplasia
PDE3A Hypertension and brachydactyly syndrome
POLR3B Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 8,
with or without oligodontia and/or hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
POU1F1 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 1
PROC Thrombophilia due to protein C deficiency, autosomal dominant;
Thrombophilia due to protein C deficiency, autosomal recessive
PROK2 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 4 with or without anosmia
PROKR2 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 3 with or without anosmia
PROP1 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 2
PROS1 Thrombophilia due to protein S deficiency, autosomal dominant;
Thrombophilia due to protein S deficiency, autosomal recessive
PSMC3IP Ovarian dysgenesis 3
SECISBP2 Thyroid hormone metabolism, abnormal
SEMA3A Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 16 with or without anosmia
SERPINC1 Thrombophilia due to antithrombin III deficiency
SERPINE1 Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 deficiency
SLC26A4 Deafness, autosomal recessive 4, with enlarged vestibular aqueduct;
Pendred syndrome
SLC5A5 Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 1
SOHLH1 Ovarian dysgenesis 5
SOX10 PCWH syndrome; Waardenburg syndrome, type 2E,
with or without neurologic involvement; Waardenburg syndrome, type 4C
SOX2 Microphthalmia, syndromic 3
SOX3 Mental retardation, X-linked,
with isolated growth hormone deficiency; Panhypopituitarism, X-linked
SPRY4 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 17 with or without anosmia
SRA1 Hypogonadism with anosmia
STAG3 Premature ovarian failure 8
SYCE1 Premature ovarian failure 12
SYCP3 Pregnancy loss, recurrent, 4
TAC3 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 10 with or without anosmia
TACR3 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 11 with or without anosmia
TBL1X Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 8
TG Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 3
THBD Thrombophilia due to thrombomodulin defect
THRA Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 6
THRB Thyroid hormone resistance;
Thyroid hormone resistance, autosomal recessive;
Thyroid hormone resistance, selective pituitary
TPO Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 2A
TRH Thyrotropin-releasing hormone deficiency
TRHR Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 7
TSHB Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous 4
TSHR Hyperthyroidism, familial gestational; Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 1
TUBB8 Oocyte maturation defect 2
WDR11 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 14 with or without anosmia
WEE2 Oocyte maturation defect 5
WNT4 Mullerian aplasia and hyperandrogenism; SERKAL syndrome
WT1 Frasier syndrome; Denys-Drash syndrome; Meacham syndrome
ZP1 Oocyte maturation defect 1
ZP2 Oocyte maturation defect 6
ZP3 Oocyte maturation defect 3

Female Infertility NGS panel

Female Infertility NGS panel

Genes: ANOS1, AR, AXL, BMP15, BMP4, CASR, CCDC141, CFTR, CLPP, CPEB1, DUOX1, DUOX2, DUOXA2, DUSP6, EIF2B1, EIF2B2, EIF2B4, EIF2B5, EIF4ENIF1, ERCC6, ESR1, ESR2, F2, F5, FEZF1, FGF17, FGF8, FGFR1, FIGLA, FLRT3, FMR1 (incl CGG trinucleotide repeat expansion), FOXE1, FOXL2, FSHB, FSHR, GCM2, GDF9, GHR, GLIS3, GNAS, GNRH1, GNRHR, HARS2, HESX1, HFM1, HSD17B4, HS6ST1, IGSF1, IL17RD, INHA, IRS4, IYD, KISS1, KISS1R, LARS2, LHCGR, LHB, LHX3, LHX4, LHX8, MCM8, MCM9, MRPS22, MSH5, MTHFR, NANOS3, NKX2-1, NKX2-5, NLRP2, NLRP5, NOBOX, NR0B1, NR5A1, NSMF, NUP107, OTX2, PADI6, PATL2, PAX8, PDE3A, PLCZ1, POLR3B, POU1F1, PROC, PROK2, PROKR2, PROP1, PROS1, PSMC3IP, SECISBP2, SEMA3A, SERPINC1, SERPINE1, SLC26A4, SLC5A5, SMC1B, SOHLH1, SOX10, SOX2, SOX3, SPIDR, SPRY4, SRA1, STAG3, SYCE1, SYCE3, SYCP3, TAC3, TACR3, TBL1X, TG, THBD, THRA, THRB, TPO, TRH, TRHR, TSHB, TSHR, TTF1, TUBB8, WDR11, WEE2, WNT4, WT1, ZP1, ZP2, ZP3

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

  1. Suspected infertility in women who had already undergone basic clinical analysis and karyotype analysis
  2. Primary ovarian dysfunction or recurrent fetal loss
  3. Testing of infertile couples who will be undergoing treatment with assisted reproductive technology (ART), especially a genetic anomaly is found in either one component of the couple
  4. Evaluation of the risk of disease to be transmitted to the child to be born through ART

Female factors account for at least 35% of all infertility cases and comprise a wide range of causes affecting ovarian development, maturation of oocytes, and fertilization competence as well as the potential of a fertilized egg for preimplantation development, implantation, and fetal growth.

Other factors influencing female infertility include diseases such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis, and the cumulative effects of environmental factors and lifestyle. PCOS, the most common cause of infertility is a complex, hormonal and metabolic disorder affecting 5–20% of women of reproductive age. The disease is characterised by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, polycystic ovarian morphology and gonadotropic abnormalities. Endometriosis affects 7–10% of women and is associated with infertility.

Genetic abnormalities leading to infertility in females encompass large chromosome abnormalities, submicroscopic chromosome deletion and duplications, and DNA sequence variations in the genes involved in oogenesis, maintenance of ovarian reserve, hormonal signaling, and anatomical and functional development of female reproductive organs. Genetic abnormalities are implicated in about 10% of female infertility cases.

References:

Dallel, M. et al 2018. Differential association of DENND1A genetic variants with polycystic ovary syndrome in Tunisian but not Bahraini Arab women. Gene 647, 79–84
Day, FR et al 2015. Causal mechanisms and balancing selection inferred from genetic associations with polycystic ovary syndrome. Nat. Commun. 6, 8464.
Foresta, C 2002. Guidelines for the appropriate use of genetic tests in infertile couples. European Journal of Human Genetics, 10(5), 303–312.
Gajbhiye, R et al 2018. Complex genetics of female fertility. Npj Genomic Medicine, 3(1).
Giudice, LC and Kao, LC 2004. Endometriosis. Lancet 364, 1789–1799. 
Azziz, R 2016. PCOS in 2015: New insights into the genetics of polycystic ovary syndrome. Nat. Rev. Endocrinol. 12, 183.
Lambalk, CB et al 2017. GnRH antagonist versus long agonist protocols in IVF: a systematic review and meta-analysis accounting for patient type. Hum Reprod.
Lawler, AM and Gearhart, JD 1998. Genetic counselling for patients who will be undergoing treatmnent with assisted reproductive technology. Fertil Steril 70: 412 ± 413.
Norman, RJ et al 2007. Polycystic ovary syndrome. Lancet 370, 685–697.
Venkatesh, T et al 2014. New insights into the genetic basis of infertility. Appl Clin Genet. 2014; 7: 235–243.
Yatsenko, SA and Rajkovic, A 2019. Genetics of human female infertility. Biol Reprod. 2019 Sep 1;101(3):549-566.

 

List of diseases covered by Paroxysmal Dyskinesia NGS panel

List of diseases covered by 
Paroxysmal Dyskinesia NGS panel

Gene Condition
ADCY5 Dyskinesia, familial, with facial myokymia
KCNMA1 Paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia, 3,
with or without generalized epilepsy;
Cerebellar atrophy, developmental delay, and seizures;
Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, susceptibility to, 16
PNKD Paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia 1
PRRT2 Episodic kinesigenic dyskinesia 1;
Convulsions, familial infantile, with paroxysmal choreoathetosis;
Seizures, benign familial infantile, 2
SLC2A1 Dystonia 9;
GLUT1 deficiency syndrome 1, infantile onset, severe;
GLUT1 deficiency syndrome 2, childhood onset;
Stomatin-deficient cryohydrocytosis with neurologic defects;
Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, susceptibility to, 12

Paroxysmal Dyskinesia NGS panel

Paroxysmal Dyskinesia NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ADCY5, KCNMA1, PNKD, PRRT2, SLC2A1

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Malignant hyperthermia NGS panel

Malignant Hyperthermia NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
CACNA1S, RYR1

Lab method: NGS panel with CNV analysis

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

List of diseases covered by Male Factor Infertility NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Male Factor Infertility NGS panel

Gene Condition
AK7 Spermatogenic failure 27
ADGRG2 Congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens, X-linked
AMH Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome, type I
AMHR2 Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome, type II
ANOS1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 1 with or without anosmia
(Kallmann syndrome 1)
AR Androgen insensitivity;
Androgen insensitivity, partial, with or without breast cancer;
Hypospadias 1, X-linked; Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy of Kennedy;
Prostate cancer, susceptibility to
ARMC2 Spermatogenic failure 38
AURKC Spermatogenic failure 5
BMP4 Microphthalmia, syndromic 6; Orofacial cleft 11
BNC2 Lower urinary tract obstruction, congenital
BRDT Spermatogenic failure 21
CASR Hyperparathyroidism, neonatal;
Hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant; Hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, type I
CATSPER1 Spermatogenic failure 7
CCDC39 Ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 14
CYP17A1 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency
CYP11B1 Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital,
due to 11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency; Aldosteronism, glucocorticoid-remediable
CFAP43 Spermatogenic failure 19
CFAP44 Spermatogenic failure 20
CFAP69 Spermatogenic failure 24
CFTR Congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens; Cystic fibrosis
DNAH1 Spermatogenic failure 18
DNAH11 Ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 7, with or without situs inversus
DNAH5 Ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 3, with or without situs inversus
DNAH6 Abnormal spermatogenesis
DNAI1 Ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 1, with or without situs inversus
DPY19L2 Spermatogenic failure 9
DUOX2 Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 6
DUOXA2 Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 5
FANCM Spermatogenic failure 28
FEZF1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 22, with or without anosmia
FGF17 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 20 with or without anosmia
FGF8 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 6 with or without anosmia
FGFR1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 2 with or without anosmia
FLRT3 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 21 with anosmia
FOXE1 Bamforth-Lazarus syndrome
FSHB Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 24 without anosmia
FSIP2 Spermatogenic failure 34
GCM2 Hyperparathyroidism 4; Hypoparathyroidism, familial isolated
GHR Growth hormone insensitivity, partial; Laron dwarfism
GLIS3 Diabetes mellitus, neonatal, with congenital hypothyroidism
GNAS McCune-Albright syndrome;
ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia;
Pseudohypoparathyroidism Ia; Pseudohypoparathyroidism Ib;
Pseudohypoparathyroidism Ic; Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism;
Osseous heteroplasia, progressive
GNRH1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 12 with or without anosmia
GNRHR Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 7 without anosmia
HESX1 Growth hormone deficiency with pituitary anomalies
HSD3B2 Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital,
due to 3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 deficiency
HS6ST1 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 15 with or without anosmia
IGSF1 Hypothyroidism, central, and testicular enlargement
IL17RD Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 18 with or without anosmia
INSL3 Cryptorchidism
IRS4 Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 9
IYD Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 4
KISS1R Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 8 with or without anosmia;
Precocious puberty, central, 1
KLHL10 Spermatogenic failure 11
LHB Isolated lutropin deficiency
LHX3 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 3
LHX4 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 4
MAMLD1 Hypospadias 2, X-linked
M1AP Spermatogenesis maturation arrest; Non-obstructive azoospermia
MEI1 Hydatidiform mole, recurrent, 3
LRRC6 Ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 19
MEI1 Hydatidiform mole, recurrent, 3
MEIOB Spermatogenic failure 22
NANOS1 Spermatogenic failure 12
NKX2-1 Choreoathetosis, hypothyroidism, and neonatal respiratory distress
NKX2-5 Hypothyroidism, congenital nongoitrous, 5
NR5A1 Spermatogenic failure 8; Adrenocortical insufficiency;
46XY sex reversal 3; 46, XX sex reversal 4
NR0B1 Adrenal hypoplasia, congenital; 46XY sex reversal 2, dosage-sensitive
NSMF Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 9 with or without anosmia
OTX2 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 6;
Retinal dystrophy, early-onset, with or without pituitary dysfunction
PANK2 HARP syndrome;
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation 1
PAX8 Hypothyroidism, congenital, due to thyroid dysgenesis or hypoplasia
PDE3A Hypertension and brachydactyly syndrome
PLCZ1 Spermatogenic failure 17
PMFBP1 Spermatogenic failure 31
POU1F1 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 1
PPP2R3C Spermatogenic failure 36;
Gonadal dysgenesis, dysmorphic facies, retinal dystrophy, and myopathy
PROK2 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 4 with or without anosmia
PROKR2 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 3 with or without anosmia
PROP1 Pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 2
QRICH2 Spermatogenic failure 35
RNF212 Recombination rate QTL 1
RSPO1 Palmoplantar hyperkeratosis with squamous cell carcinoma of skin
and sex reversal
SECISBP2 Thyroid hormone metabolism, abnormal
SEMA3A Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 16 with or without anosmia
SEPTIN12 Spermatogenic failure 10
SLC26A4 Deafness, autosomal recessive 4, with enlarged vestibular aqueduct;
Pendred syndrome
SLC26A8 Spermatogenic failure 3
SLC5A5 Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 1
SLC9A3 Diarrhea 8, secretory sodium, congenital
SOHLH1 Spermatogenic failure 32
SOX10 PCWH syndrome; Waardenburg syndrome, type 2E,
with or without neurologic involvement; Waardenburg syndrome, type 4C
SOX2 Microphthalmia, syndromic 3
SOX3 Mental retardation, X-linked,
with isolated growth hormone deficiency; Panhypopituitarism, X-linked
SOX9 Campomelic dysplasia with autosomal sex reversal
SPATA16 Spermatogenic failure 6
SPINK2 Spermatogenic failure 29
SRA1 Hypogonadism with anosmia
SRD5A2 Pseudovaginal perineoscrotal hypospadias
STAG3 Non-obstructive azoospermia; Spermatogenesis maturation arrest
SUN5 Spermatogenic failure 16
SYCE1 Spermatogenic failure 15
SYCP3 Spermatogenic failure 4
TAC3 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 10 with or without anosmia
TACR3 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 11 with or without anosmia
TAF4B Spermatogenic failure 13
TBL1X Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 8
TDRD9 Spermatogenic failure 30
TEX11 Spermatogenic failure, X-linked, 2
TEX14 Spermatogenic failure 23
TEX15 Spermatogenic failure 25
TG Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 3
THRA Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 6
THRB Thyroid hormone resistance;
Thyroid hormone resistance, autosomal recessive;
Thyroid hormone resistance, selective pituitary
TPO Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 2A
TRH Thyrotropin-releasing hormone deficiency
TRHR Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 7
TRIM37 Mulibrey nanism
TSGA10 Spermatogenic failure 26
TSHB Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous 4
TSHR Hyperthyroidism, familial gestational;
Hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 1
TTC21A Spermatogenic failure 37
USP9Y Spermatogenic failure, Y-linked, 2
UTP14C Congenital disorder of glycosylation
WDR11 Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 14 with or without anosmia
WDR66 Spermatogenic failure 33
XRCC2 Fanconi anemia, complementation group U
ZMYND15 Spermatogenic failure 14

List of diseases covered by Congenital Disorders of Glycolysation NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Congenital Disorders of Glycolysation NGS panel

Gene Condition
ALG1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ik
ALG11 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ip
ALG12 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ig
ALG13 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Is
ALG2 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ii;
Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, 14, with tubular aggregates
ALG3 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Id
ALG6 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ic
ALG8 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ih;
Polycystic liver disease 3 with or without kidney cysts
ALG9 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Il;
Gillessen-Kaesbach-Nishimura syndrome
ATP6V0A2 Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type IIA;
Wrinkly skin syndrome
B4GALT1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IId
B3GLCT Peters-plus syndrome
COG1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIg
COG2 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIq
COG4 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIj;
Saul-Wilson syndrome
COG5 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIi
COG6 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIl;
Shaheen syndrome
COG7 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIe
COG8 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIh
DDOST Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ir
DHDDS Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type 1bb;
Developmental delay and seizures with or without movement abnormalities
DOLK Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Im
DPAGT1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ij;
Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, 13, with tubular aggregates
DPM1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ie
DPM2 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Iu
DPM3 Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (limb-girdle), type C, 15
GMPPA Alacrima, achalasia, and mental retardation syndrome
GNE Nonaka myopathy; Sialuria
MAGT1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Icc;
Immunodeficiency, X-linked, with magnesium defect,
Epstein-Barr virus infection and neoplasia
MAN1B1 Mental retardation, autosomal recessive 15
MGAT2 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIa
MOGS Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIb
MPDU1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type If
MPI Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ib
NGLY1 Congenital disorder of deglycosylation
PGM1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type It
PGM3 Immunodeficiency 23
PMM2 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ia
RFT1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type In
SEC23B Cowden syndrome 7; Dyserythropoietic anemia, congenital, type II
SLC35A1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIf
SLC35A2 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIm
SLC35C1 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIc
SRD5A3 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Iq; Kahrizi syndrome
SSR4 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Iy
STT3A Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Iw
STT3B Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ix
TMEM165 Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIk
TUSC3 Mental retardation, autosomal recessive 7