Senior-Loken Syndrome NGS panel

Senior-Loken Syndrome NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
CEP290, INVS, IQCB1, NPHP1, NPHP3, NPHP4, SDCCAG8, TRAF3IP1, WDR19

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

List of diseases covered by Polycystic Kidney Disease NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Polycystic Kidney Disease NGS panel

Gene Condition
ALG8 Polycystic liver disease 3
with or without kidney cysts;
Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type Ih
ANKS6 Nephronophthisis 16
BICC1 Renal dysplasia, cystic, susceptibility to
COL4A1 Retinal arteries, tortuosity of;
Angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps;
Brain small vessel disease with or without ocular anomalies;
Hemorrhage, intracerebral, susceptibility to
DNAJB11 Polycystic kidney disease 6 with or
without polycystic liver disease
DZIP1L Polycystic kidney disease 5
GANAB Polycystic kidney disease 3
HNF1B Renal cysts and diabetes syndrome;
Diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent; Renal cell carcinoma
LRP5 Exudative vitreoretinopathy 4;
Hyperostosis, endosteal;
Osteopetrosis, autosomal dominant 1; Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome;
Polycystic liver disease 4 with or without kidney cysts;
van Buchem disease, type 2
MUC1 Medullary cystic kidney disease 1
NOTCH2 Alagille syndrome 2; Hajdu-Cheney syndrome
OFD1 Retinitis pigmentosa 23;
Joubert syndrome 10; Orofaciodigital syndrome I;
Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome, type 2
PKD1 Polycystic kidney disease 1
PKD2 Polycystic kidney disease 2
PKHD1 Polycystic kidney disease 4,
with or without hepatic disease
PRKCSH Polycystic liver disease 1
SEC63 Polycystic liver disease 2
SEC61A1 Hyperuricemic nephropathy,
familial juvenile, 4
TSC1 Lymphangioleiomyomatosis;
Tuberous sclerosis-1
TSC2 Tuberous sclerosis-2
UMOD Glomerulocystic kidney disease
with hyperuricemia and isosthenuria;
Hyperuricemic nephropathy, familial juvenile 1;
Medullary cystic kidney disease 2
VHL Erythrocytosis, familial, 2;
Pheochromocytoma; von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
ZNF423 Nephronophthisis 14

Polycystic Kidney Disease NGS panel

Polycystic Kidney Disease NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ALG8, ANKS6, BICC1, COL4A1, DNAJB11, DZIP1L, GANAB, HNF1B, LRP5, MUC1, NOTCH2, OFD1, PKD1, PKD2, PKHD1, PRKCSH, SEC63, SEC61A1, TSC1, TSC2, UMOD, VHL, ZNF423

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Nephrotic Syndrome NGS panel

Nephrotic Syndrome NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ACTN4, ARHGDIA, COQ2, COQ8B, DGKE, EMP2, ITGA3, LAMB2, NPHS1, NPHS2, PLCE1, PTPRO, SMARCAL1, WDR73, WT1

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

List of diseases covered by Nephronophthisis NGS panel

List of diseases covered by
Nephronophthisis NGS panel

Gene Condition
ANKS6 Nephronophthisis 16
CEP83 Nephronophthisis 18
CEP164 Nephronophthisis 15
CEP290 Bardet-Biedl syndrome 14;
Joubert syndrome 5; Leber congenital amaurosis 10;
Meckel syndrome 4; Senior-Loken syndrome 6
DCDC2 Nephronophthisis 19;
Deafness, autosomal recessive 66; Sclerosing cholangitis, neonatal
GLIS2 Nephronophthisis 7
INVS Nephronophthisis 2, infantile
IFT172 Retinitis pigmentosa 71;
Short-rib thoracic dysplasia 10 with or without polydactyly
IQCB1 Senior-Loken syndrome 5
NEK8 Nephronophthisis 9;
Renal-hepatic-pancreatic dysplasia 2
NPHP1 Joubert syndrome 4;
Nephronophthisis 1, juvenile; Senior-Loken syndrome-1
NPHP3 Meckel syndrome 7; Nephronophthisis 3;
Renal-hepatic-pancreatic dysplasia 1
NPHP4 Senior-Loken syndrome 4
RPGRIP1L COACH syndrome; Joubert syndrome 7;
Meckel syndrome 5
SDCCAG8 Bardet-Biedl syndrome 16;
Senior-Loken syndrome 7
TMEM67 RHYNS syndrome; COACH syndrome;
Joubert syndrome 6; Meckel syndrome 3; Nephronophthisis 11
TTC21B Short-rib thoracic dysplasia 4 with or without polydactyly;
Nephronophthisis 12
WDR19 Senior-Loken syndrome 8; Nephronophthisis 13;
Short-rib thoracic dysplasia 5 with or without polydactyly;
Cranioectodermal dysplasia 4
XPNPEP3 Nephronophthisis-like nephropathy 1
ZNF423 Joubert syndrome 19

Ciliopathy NGS panel

Ciliopathy NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding
region):
ACVR2B, ADGRV1, AHI1, AIPL1, ALMS1, ANKS6, ARL13B, ARL6, ARMC4, ATXN10, B9D1, B9D2, BBS1, BBS10, BBS12, BBS2, BBS4, BBS5, BBS7, BBS9, C2CD3, C2ORF71, C5ORF42, C8ORF37, C21ORF2, C21ORF59, CC2D2A, CCDC103, CCDC114, CCDC151, CCDC28B, CCDC39, CCDC40, CCDC65, CCNO, CDH23, CEP104, CEP120, CEP164, CEP290, CEP41, CEP83, CFTR, CLRN1, CRB1, CSPP1, DCDC2, DNAAF1, DNAAF2, DNAAF3, DNAAF4, DNAAF5, DNAH1, DNAH11, DNAH5, DNAH8, DNAI1, DNAI2, DNAL1, DRC1, DYNC2H1, EVC, EVC2, FOXH1, GAS8, GDF1, GLIS2, IFT43, IFT80, IFT122, IFT140, IFT172, INPP5E, INVS, IQCB1, KIAA0586, KIF7, LEFTY2, LRRC6, MCIDAS, MKKS, MKS1, NEK1, NEK8, NME8, NODAL, NPHP1, NPHP3, NPHP4, OFD1, PDE6D, PKD2, PKHD1, RPGR, RPGRIP1, RPGRIP1L, RSPH1, RSPH3, RSPH4A, RSPH9, SDCCAG8, SPAG1, TCTN1, TCTN2, TCTN3, TMEM138, TMEM216, TMEM231, TMEM237, TMEM67, TOPORS, TRIM32, TTC21B, TTC8, WDPCP, WDR19, WDR34, WDR35, WDR60, XPNPEP3, ZIC3, ZMYND10, ZNF423

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome NGS panel

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ALMS1 (excluding exon 8), ARL6, BBIP1, BBS1, BBS2, BBS4, BBS5, BBS7, BBS9, BBS10, BBS12, CCDC28B, CEP290, IFT27, IFT172, LZTFL1, MKKS, MKS1, SDCCAG, TMEM67, TRIM32, TTC8, WDPCP

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Waardenburg Syndrome

Waardenburg Syndrome
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
EDN3, EDNRB, MITF, PAX3, SNAI2, SOX10

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
SThe A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: MITF, PAX3, SOX10

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

  1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
  2. Carrier testing for at-risk relatives
  3. Genetic counseling

Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a group of genetic conditions characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and pigmentary abnormalities of the iris, hair, and skin, along with dystopia canthorum. Hearing loss is congenital, typically non-progressive, either unilateral or bilateral, and sensorineural.

The classic sign of hair pigmentation anomaly with WS is white forelock appearing typically in the teen years. Ocular pigmentary manifestations may include complete or segmental heterochromia or hypoplastic or brilliant blue irides.

Waardenburg syndrome affects an estimated 1 in 20,000-40,000 people.

Four types of WS can be distinguished by physical characteristics and genetic cause. Types I and III are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, types II and IV are autosomal recessive.

References:

Farrer LA et al. Waardenburg syndrome (WS) type I is caused by defects at multiple loci, one of which is near ALPP on chromosome 2: first report of the WS consortium. Am J Hum Genet. 1992;50:902–13.
Milunsky JM. Waardenburg Syndrome Type I. GeneReviews® 2001 July 30 (Updated 2014 Aug 7)
Shields CL et al. Waardenburg syndrome: iris and choroidal hypopigmentation: findings on anterior and posterior segment imaging. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131:1167–73.
Tamayo ML et al. Screening program for Waardenburg syndrome in Colombia: clinical definition and phenotypic variability. Am J Med Genet A. 2008;146A:1026–31.

Del/dup analysis

Del/dup analysis can now be ordered in addition to NGS panels. Read more about upgraded testing options at each portfolio or see the price list www.asperbio.com/Asper-Biogene-price-list. Feel free to contact us if there are any additional genes you would need to be included in the analysis.

Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy NGS panel

Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ANO5, CAPN3, CAV3, DAG1, DES, DNAJB6, DYSF, FKTN, GMPPB, HNRNPDL, ISPD, LMNA, MYOT, PLEC, POMGNT1, POMK, POMT1, POMT2, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCG, TCAP, TNPO3, TRAPPC11, TRIM32, TTN

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: ANO5, CAPN3, DYSF, FKRP, LCAV3, MNA, MYOT, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCG, ZMPSTE24

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

2 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Tuberous Sclerosis NGS panel

Tuberous Sclerosis
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
TSC1, TSC2

Lab method: NGS panel

TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: TSC1, TSC2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Leukodystrophy and Leukoencephalopathy NGS panel

Leukodystrophy and Leukoencephalopathy
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ABCD1, ADAR, AIMP1, ARSA, ASPA, CLCN2, CSF1R, DARS2, EARS2, EIF2B1, EIF2B2, EIF2B3, EIF2B4, EIF2B5, FAM126A, FOLR1, GALC, GFAP, GJC2, HEPACAM, HSPD1, HTRA1, L2HGDH, LMNB1, MLC1, NOTCH3, PLP1, POLR3A, POLR3B, PSAP, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, RNASET2, SAMHD1, SCP2, SOX10, SUMF1, TREX1, TUBB4A

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: ABCD1, ASPA, L2HGDH, LMNB1, MLC1, NOTCH3, PLP1

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

2 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Congenital Myopathy and Distal Myopathy NGS panel

Congenital Myopathy and Distal Myopathy
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ACTA1, ANO5, BAG3, BIN1, CAV3, CCDC78, CFL2, CNTN1, COL6A1, COL6A3, COL12A1, CRYAB, DES, DNAJB6, DNM2, DYSF, FHL1, FLNC, GNE, KLHL40, KLHL41, LDB3, LMOD3, MATR3, MEGF10, MICU1, MTM1, MTMR14, MYF6, MYH7, MYOT, NEB, RYR1, SELENON, STAC3, SQSTM1, TIA1, TNNT1, TPM2, TPM3, TTN, VCP

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis 

Genes: MTM1, MTMR1

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Urea Cycle Disorder NGS panel

Urea Cycle Disorder
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ARG1, ASL, ASS1, CPS1, NAGS, OAT, OTC, SLC7A7, SLC25A13, SLC25A15

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the OTC gene

Genes: OTC

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Porphyria NGS panel

Porphyria
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ALAD, ALAS2, CPOX, FECH, HFE, HMBS, PPOX, UROD, UROS

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: ALAD, CPOX, FECH, HMBS, PPOX, UROD, UROS

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Methylmalonic Aciduria and Homocystinuria NGS panel

Methylmalonic Aciduria and Homocystinuria
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ABCD4, ACSF3, AMN, CBLIF, CBS, CD320, CUBN, IVD, LMBRD1, MCEE, MLYCD, MMAA, MMAB, MMACHC, MMADHC, MTHFR, MTR, MTRR, MUT, SUCLA2, SUCLG1, TCN1, TCN2

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the MLYCD gene

Genes: MLYCD

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Lysosomal Storage Disease NGS panel

Lysosomal Storage Disease
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
AGA, ARSA, ARSB, ASAH1, CLN3, CLN5. CLN6, CLN8, CTNS, CTSA, CTSC, CTSD, CTSK, DNAJC5, FUCA1, GAA, GALC, GALNS, GBA, GLA, GLB1, GM2A, GNPTAB, GNPTG, GNS, GUSB, HEXA, HEXB, HGSNAT, HYAL1, IDS, IDUA, LAMP2, LIPA, MAN2B1, MANBA, MCOLN1, MFSD8, NAGA, NAGLU, NEU1, NPC1, NPC2, PPT1, PSAP, SGSH, SLC17A5, SMPD1, SUMF1, TPP1

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: GLA, HEXA, IDS, NPC1, NPC2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorder NGS panel

Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorder
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding
region):
ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, ACADVL, CPT1A, CPT2, ETFA, ETFB, ETFDH, GLUD1, HADH, HADHA, HADHB, HMGCL, HMGCS2, HSD17B10, LPIN1, PPARG, SLC22A5, SLC25A20, TAZ

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the SLC22A5 gene

Genes: SLC22A5

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Familial Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency

Familial Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency
Sequencing of the LPL gene

Genes
(full coding
region):
 LPL

Lab method: Sanger sequencing

TAT: 2-4 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the LPL gene

Genes: LPL

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Dilated Cardiomyopathy NGS panel

Dilated Cardiomyopathy
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ABCC9, ACTC1, ACTN2, ANKRD1, BAG3, CSRP3, CRYAB, DES, DMD, DNAJC19, DOLK, DSC2, DSG2, DSP, EMD, EYA4, GATAD1, JUP, LAMA4, LAMP2, LDB3, LMNA, MYBPC3, MYH6, MYH7, MYPN, NEXN, PKP2, PLN, RAF1, RBM20, SCN5A, SGCD, TAZ, TBX20, TCAP, TMPO, TNNC1, TNNI3, TNNT2, TPM1, TTN, TTR, VCL

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: BAG3, TNNT2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Melanoma NGS panel

Melanoma
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
CDK4, CDKN2A, MITF

Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Del/dup analysis

Genes: CDK4, CDKN2A, CDKN2B, MITF

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome

Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome
Sequencing of the AR gene

Genes: AR

Lab method: Sanger sequencing

TAT: 2-4 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1,2 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the AR gene

Genes: AR

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy NGS panel

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/
Cardiomyopathy
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
CTNNA3, DES, DSC2, DSG2, DSP, JUP, LDB3, LMNA, PKP2, PLN, RYR2, TGFB3, TMEM43, TTN

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: DSP, PKP2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Alpha Thalassemia

Alpha Thalassemia
Deletion Analysis

Genes: HBA1, HBA2

No of
detectable
markers:
7 deletions

Lab method: PCR

TAT: 2-4 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

500 ng DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: HBA1, HBA2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Beta Thalassemia

Beta Thalassemia
Sequencing of the HBB gene

Genes: HBB

Lab method: Sanger sequencing

TAT: 2-4 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

300 ng DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the HBB gene

Genes: HBB

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Fanconi Anemia

Fanconi Anemia
NGS panel

Genes: BRCA2, BRIP1, ERCC4, FANCA, FANCB, FANCC, FANCD2 (excluding exons 15, 16), FANCE, FANCF, FANCG, FANCI, FANCL, FANCM, PALB2, RAD51C, SLX4, XRCC2

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: FANCA, FANCB, FANCD2, PALB2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

2,5 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Craniosynostosis NGS panel

Craniosynostosis
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, IL11RA, MSX2, RECQL4, TWIST1

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the TWIST1 gene

Genes: TWIST1

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Noonan Spectrum Disorders/Rasopathies NGS panel

Noonan Spectrum Disorders/Rasopathies NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding
region):
A2ML1, ACTB, ACTG1, BRAF, CBL, HRAS, KAT6B, KRAS, LZTR1, MAP2K1, MAP2K2, MRAS, NF1, NRAS, PPP1CB, PTPN11, RAF1, RASA1, RASA2, RIT1, RRAS, SHOC2, SOS1, SOS2, SPRED1

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Skeletal Dysplasia NGS panel

Skeletal Dysplasia
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding
region):
ALPL, COL2A1, ESCO2, FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, IL11RA, MSX2, RECQL4, ROR2, SLC26A2, SOX9, TRIP11, TWIST1, WNT5A

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: COL2A1, TWIST1

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Thyroid Cancer NGS panel

Thyroid Cancer
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
APC, CDC73, DICER1, MEN1, PRKAR1A, PTEN, RET, SDHB, SDHD, TP53

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Del/dup analysis

Genes: MEN1, SDHB, SDHC, SDHD

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

2 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Fanconi Anemia

Fanconi Anemia
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
BRCA2, BRIP1, ERCC4, FANCA, FANCB, FANCC, FANCD2 (excluding exons 15, 16), FANCE, FANCF, FANCG, FANCI, FANCL, FANCM, PALB2, RAD51C, SLX4, XRCC2

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Del/dup analysis

Genes: FANCA, FANCB, FANCD2, PALB2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

2,5 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension NGS panel

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ACVRL1, BMPR2, BMPR1B, CAV1, EIF2AK4, ENG, FOXF1, GDF2, KCNA5, KCNK3, SMAD4, SMAD9

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: ACVRL1, BMPR2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation NGS panel

Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation
NGS panel

Genes
(full coding
region):
ATP13A2, COASY, C19orf12, CP, DCAF17, FA2H, FTL, PANK2, PLA2G6, WDR45

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

4 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: PANK2, PLA2G6

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Epilepsy NGS panel

Epilepsy
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
AARS, ABAT, ACY1, ADAR, ADSL, ALDH5A1, ALDH7A1, ALG3, ALG13, ARHGEF9, ARHGEF15, ARX, ASAH1, ATP1A2, ATP1A3, ATP6AP2, ATRX, BRAT1, CACNA1A, CACNA1D, CACNA2D2, CACNA1H, CACNB4, CASK, CDC42, CDKL5, CERS1, CHD2, CHRNA2, CHRNA4, CHRNA7, CHRNB2, CLCN2, CLN3, CLN8, CNTN2, CNTNAP2, C12orf57, CPA6, CRH, CSTB, CTSF, DEPDC5, DHFR, DNAJC5, DNM1, DNM1L, DOCK7, DYRK1A, EEF1A2, EFHC1, EPM2A, FGF12, FLNA, FOLR1, FOXG1, GABBR2, GABRA1, GABRB1, GABRB3, GABRD, GABRG2, GAMT, GATM, GLDC, GNAO1, GOSR2, GPHN, GRIN1, GRIN2A, GRIN2B, GRIN2D, HCN1, HNRNPU, HUWE1, IER3IP1, ITPA, IQSEC2, KANSL1, KCNA1, KCNA2, KCNB1, KCNC1, KCNH1, KCNJ10, KCNMA1, KCNQ2, KCNQ3, KCNT1, KCTD7, KIF1A, KIF5C, LGI1, LIAS, MBD5, MCCC1, MDH2, MECP2, MEF2C, MFSD8, MOCS1, MOCS2, MTOR, NACC1, NECAP1, NEXMIF, NGLY1, NHLRC1, NOL3, NPRL2, NR2F1, NRXN1, PCDH19, PIK3R2, PIGA, PIGN, PIGO, PIGT, PLCB1, PLPBP, PNKP, PNPO, POLG, PPT1, PRDM8, PRICKLE1, PRICKLE2, PRRT2, PURA, QARS, RBFOX1, RBFOX3, RELN, ROGDI, SATB2, SCARB2, SCN1A, SCN1B, SCN2A, SCN3A, SCN8A, SCN9A, SERPINI1, SIK1, SLC1A2, SLC12A5, SLC13A5, SLC19A3, SLC25A22, SLC2A1, SLC35A2, SLC35A3, SLC6A1, SLC6A8, SLC9A6, SMARCA2, SMC1A, SNIP1, SNX27, SPATA5, SPTAN1, SRPX2, ST3GAL3, ST3GAL5, STX1B, STXBP1, SYN1, SYNGAP1, SYNJ1, SYP, SZT2, TBC1D24, TBCK, TCF4, TPP1, TSC1, TSC2, TUBB3, UBA5, UBE3A, WDR45, WWOX, ZDHHC9, ZEB2

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

4 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: CHRNA4, CHRNB2, EPM2A, KCNQ1, KCNQ3, NHLRC1, PCDH19, SCN1A, SLC2A1, STXBP1, WWOX

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

2,5 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Testing of at risk family members for known mutations
3. Prenatal diagnosis for known familial mutations
4. Genetic counseling

Epilepsy is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by epileptic seizures and other symptoms of neurological problems. Epilepsy can be caused by strokes, brain tumors, head injuries, structural brain abnormalities, brain infections and genetic syndromes.

The epilepsies can be classified into three classes: genetic generalized, focal and encephalopathic epilepsies, with several specific disorders within each class. The genetic generalized epilepsy syndromes include juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and childhood absence epilepsy among others. Focal epilepsy syndromes include temporal lobe epilepsy, autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy and autosomal dominant epilepsy with auditory features. Epileptic encephalopathies are severe, early onset conditions characterized by refractory seizures, developmental delay or regression associated with ongoing epileptic activity, and generally poor prognosis.

Epilepsy is often a concurrent condition in individuals with intellectual disability, autism or schizophrenia.

Genetic factors are relevant in the development of epilepsy. Most genes being implicated in epilepsy are involved in dysfunction or dysregulation of ion channels.

References:

Chang BS, Lowenstein DH (2003). “Epilepsy”. N. Engl. J. Med. 349 (13): 1257–66.
Hildebrand MS et al. Recent advances in the molecular genetics of epilepsy. J Med Genet. 2013;50:271–9.
Myers CT and Mefford hC. Advancing epilepsy genetics in the genomic era. Genome Medicine2015 7:91 

Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma
Sequencing of the RB1 gene

Genes
(full
coding region):
RB1

Lab method: Next generation sequencing

Price / TAT: 960 EUR / 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis of the RB1 gene

Genes: RB1

Lab method: MLPA

Price / TAT: 310 EUR / 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Testing of at-risk family members of an affected individual
4. Genetic counseling
5. Prenatal diagnosis for known familial mutation

Retinoblastoma is a malignant tumor of the developing retina that affects children, usually before the age of 5. The most common sign of retinoblastoma is a white pupillary reflex (leukocoria). Other symptoms may include strabismus, change in eye appearance, reduced visual acuity. Retinoblastoma may be unifocal or multifocal. About 60% of affected individuals have unilateral retinoblastoma, about 40% have bilateral retinoblastoma.

Hereditary retinoblastoma is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Individuals with heritable retinoblastoma have a higher risk of developing non-ocular tumors.

The estimated incidence of retinoblastoma is 1 in 15 000 – 20 000 live births.

References:

Lohmann DR and Gallie BL. Retinoblastoma. GeneReviews® 2000 July 18 (Updated 2015 November 19)
Genetics Home Reference https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov.
Seregard S, et al. Incidence of retinoblastoma from 1958 to 1998 in Northern Europe: advantages of birth cohort analysis. Ophthalmology. 2004;111:1228–32.

Dystonia NGS panel

Dystonia
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ACTB, ADCY5, ANO3, ARSA, ATM, ATP1A3, ATP7B, CACNA1B, CIZ1, COL6A3, DRD2, GCDH, GCH1, GNAL, GNAO1, HPCA, KCNMA1, KCTD17, MECR, PANK2, PLA2G6, PNKD, PRKN (PARK2), PRKRA, PRRT2, RELN, SGCE, SLC2A1, SLC6A3, SLC25A1, SLC30A10, SLC39A14, SPR, TAF1, TBCE, TH, THAP1, TIMM8A, TOR1A, TUBB4A

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

4 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: ATP1A3, GCH1, PRKRA, SGCE, TH, THAP1, TOR1A

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Carrier testing for at-risk relatives
3. Prenatal diagnosis for known familial mutation
4. Genetic counseling

Dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions causing repetitive movements and/or abnormal postures. Dystonic movements are typically patterned and twisting, affecting the neck, torso, limbs, eyes, face, vocal chords, and/or a combination of these muscle groups. The movements may be associated with tremor.

There are a number of different forms of dystonia, and many diseases are associated with the condition. Dystonia can be classified clinically and/or etiologically by anatomic changes (nervous system pathology) and causation (inherited, acquired, or idiopathic). Classifying dystonia by clinical features includes age of onset, body distribution, temporal pattern, and associated features.

Hereditary dystonias are usually inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and less commonly in an autosomal recessive or X-linked manner.

References:

Albanese A et al. Phenomenology and classification of dystonia: a consensus update. Mov Disord. 2013;28:863–73.
Klein C et al. Dystonia Overview. GeneReviews® 2003 Oct 28 (Updated 2014 May 1).
Koc F and Yerdelen D. Metformin-induced paroxysmal dystonia. Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2008 Apr;13(2):194-5.

Parkinson Disease NGS panel

Parkinson’s Disease
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ADH1C, ATP1A3, ATP13A2, ATP6AP2, ATXN2, CHCHD2, DCTN1, DNAJC6, DNAJC13, EIF4G1, FBXO7, FTL, GBA, GCH1, GIGYF2, HTRA2, LRRK2, MAPT, PARK7, PINK1, PLA2G6, PODXL, PRKN, PRKRA, PTRHD1, RAB39B, SLC6A3, SLC30A10, SNCA, SNCB, SPG11, SPR, SYNJ1, TAF1, TBP (excluding exon 3), TH, TMEM230, UCHL1, VPS35, VPS13C

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Order here

or download sample submission form


Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: GCH1, LRRK2, PARK7, PINK1, PRKN, SNCA, UCHL1

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Order here

or download sample submission form


Indications for genetic testing:

1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Determination of differential diagnosis
3. Genetic counseling

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder mainly affecting the motor system. PD is characterized by tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, poor balance, and difficulty with walking. Non-motor findings include insomnia, depression, anxiety, behavioral problems, at a later stage of the disease psychosis and dementia may occur.

PD is most commonly a non-Mendelian disorder resulting from the effects of multiple genes as well as environmental risk factors. Mendelian forms of PD are inherited in an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or, rarely, X-linked manner. The most common sporadic form of PD manifests around age 60, however, young-onset and juvenile-onset are seen.

References:

Davie CA. A review of Parkinson’s disease. 2008. Br. Med. Bull. 86 (1): 109–27.
Farlow J et al. Parkinson Disease Overview. GeneReviews® 2004 May 25 (Updated 2014 Feb 27).

Frontotemporal Dementia NGS panel

Frontotemporal Dementia
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ABCA7, APOE, APP, CHMP2B, CSF1R, FUS, GRN, ITM2B, MAPT, PRNP, PSEN1, PSEN2, SIGMAR1, SNCA, SORL1, TARDBP, TBK1, TREM2, TUBA4A, UBE3A, UBQLN2, VCP
List of diseases covered by the panel

Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: CRHR1, GRN, MAPT

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Determination of differential diagnosis
3. Testing of at-risk asymptomatic adults
4. Genetic counseling

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a degenerative condition characterized by progressive neuronal loss in the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain. Clinical presentations may include behavioral changes, language disturbances, aphasia, extrapyramidal signs, rigidity, bradykinesia, supranuclear palsy, saccadic eye movement disorders, and mutism.

FTD usually occurs between ages 40 and 60 years, but may appear earlier or later. Most individuals diagnosed with the disorder have had an affected parent with the clinical symptoms of frontotemporal dementia. FTD is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.

References:

Cardarelli R et al. Frontotemporal dementia: a review for primary care physicians. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Dec 1;82(11):1372-7.
Harms MM et al. TARDBP-Related Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. GeneReviews® 2009 April 23 (Updated 2015 March 12).
Hsiung G-YR and Feldman HH. GRN-Related Frontotemporal Dementia. GeneReviews® 2007 Sept 7 (Updated 2013 March 14).
Van Swieten JC et al. MAPT-Related Disorders. GeneReviews® 2000 Nov 7 (Updated 2010 Oct 26).

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy NGS panel

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ACTC1, ACTN2, AGK, ANKRD1, CALR3, CAV3, CRYAB, CSRP3, FLNC, GLA, JPH2, LAMP2, LDB3, MYBPC3, MYH6, MYH7, MYL2, MYL3, MYLK2, MYOZ2, MYPN, NEXN, PDLIM3, PLN, PRKAG2, RAF1, SLC25A4, SOS1, TCAP, TNNC1, TNNI3, TNNT2, TPM1, TTN, TTR, VCL

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: MYBPC3, MYH7, TNNT2

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

2 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

  1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
  2. Determination of differential diagnosis
  3. Testing of at-risk family members
  4. Genetic counseling

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is typically defined by the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) that is not solely explained by abnormal loading conditions. HCM is a significant cause of sudden cardiac death in competitive athletes. The clinical features of HCM are highly variable ranging from asymptomatic LVH to arrhythmias, to refractory heart failure. The symptoms include shortness of breath, orthostasis, presyncope, syncope, palpitations, and chest pain.

The prevalence in the general population is estimated at 1/500.

HCM is most commonly caused by mutations in one of the genes that encode different components of the sarcomere and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. In 3–5% of the cases affected individuals carry two mutations in the same gene (compound heterozygous or homozygous), or in different genes (digenic). This is associated with a more severe phenotype with younger age of onset and more adverse events.

References:

Cirino AL and Ho C. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Overview. GeneReviews®. 2008 August 5 (Updated 2014 Jan 16) 
Elliott PM et al. 2014 ESC Guidelines on diagnosis and management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. European Heart Journal (2014) 35, 2733–2779.
Maron BJ. Sudden death in young athletes. N Engl J Med. 2003;349:1064–75.
Richard P et al. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: distribution of disease genes, spectrum of mutations, and implications for a molecular diagnosis strategy. Circulation 2003; 107: 2227–2232.
Richard P et al. Homozygotes for a R869G mutation in the beta-myosin heavy chain gene have a severe form of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Mol Cell Cardiol 2000; 32: 1575–1583.

Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia NGS panel

Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia NGS panel

Genes
(full
coding region):
ATL1, AP4B1, AP4E1, AP4M1, AP4S1, AP5Z1, B4GALNT1, BSCL2, CYP7B1, CYP2U1, DDHD2, ERLIN2, FA2H, GBA2, GJC2, HSPD1, KIF1A, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, PLP1, PNPLA6, REEP1, RTN2, SLC16A2, SPAST, SPG7, SPG11, SPG20, SPG21, TECPR2, VPS37A, WASHC5, ZFYVE26

List of diseases covered by the panel


Lab method: NGS panel

NGS panel with CNV


TAT: 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

4 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Targeted mutation analysis

Genes: MT-ATP6

No of
detectable
markers:
1 (m.9176T>C)

Lab method: Sanger sequencing

TAT: 1-2 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

120 ng DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Deletion/duplication analysis

Genes: ATL1, NIPA1, SPAST, SPG7, REEP1

Lab method: MLPA

TAT: 4-6 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

2 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Determination of differential diagnosis
3. Carrier status detection of known mutation
4. Prenatal diagnosis for known familial mutation
5. Genetic counseling

Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders characterized by lower extremity spasticity and weakness.

HSP is classified as uncomplicated, or pure, when only spinal involvement occurs, and is classified as complicated when accompanied by other system involvement or other neurologic findings such as ataxia, seizures, intellectual disability, dementia, amyotrophy, extrapyramidal disturbance, or peripheral neuropathy.

HSP can be inherited in an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, x-linked recessive or maternally inherited (mitochondrial) manner.

The prevalence of all hereditary spastic paraplegias is estimated to be 2 to 6 in 100,000 people worldwide.

References:

Fink JK. Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Overview. GeneReviews® 2000 Aug 15 (Updated 2014 Feb 6)
National Institute of Health 2008. Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Information Page.
Sawhney IM, Bansal SK, Upadhyay PK, et al. Evoked potentials in hereditary spastic paraplegia. Ital J Neurol Sci. 1993 Sep. 14(6):425-8.