Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a degenerative condition characterized by progressive neuronal loss in the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain. Clinical presentations may include behavioral changes, language disturbances, aphasia, extrapyramidal signs, rigidity, bradykinesia, supranuclear palsy, saccadic eye movement disorders, and mutism.
FTD usually occurs between ages 40 and 60 years, but may appear earlier or later. Most individuals diagnosed with the disorder have had an affected parent with the clinical symptoms of frontotemporal dementia. FTD is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.
Indications for genetic testing:
1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Determination of differential diagnosis
3. Testing of at-risk asymptomatic adults
4. Genetic counseling
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