Retinoblastoma

RB1 gene sequencing

Genes
(full
coding region):
RB1

Lab method: Next generation sequencing

Price / TAT: 960 EUR / 6-9 weeks

Specimen requirements: 2-4 ml of blood with anticoagulant EDTA

1 µg DNA in TE, AE or pure sterile water at 100-250 ng/µl
The A260/A280 ratio should be 1.8-2.0. DNA sample should be run on an agarose gel as a single band, showing no degradation, alongside with a quantitative DNA marker.


Ordering information: Go to online ordering or download sample submission form

Indications for genetic testing:

1. Confirmation of clinical diagnosis
2. Testing of at-risk family members of an affected individual
4. Genetic counseling
5. Prenatal diagnosis for known familial mutation

Retinoblastoma is a malignant tumor of the developing retina that affects children, usually before the age of 5. The most common sign of retinoblastoma is a white pupillary reflex (leukocoria). Other symptoms may include strabismus, change in eye appearance, reduced visual acuity. Retinoblastoma may be unifocal or multifocal. About 60% of affected individuals have unilateral retinoblastoma, about 40% have bilateral retinoblastoma.

Hereditary retinoblastoma is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Individuals with heritable retinoblastoma have a higher risk of developing non-ocular tumors.

The estimated incidence of retinoblastoma is 1 in 15 000 – 20 000 live births.

References:

Lohmann DR and Gallie BL. Retinoblastoma. GeneReviews® 2000 July 18 (Updated 2015 November 19)
Genetics Home Reference https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov.
Seregard S, et al. Incidence of retinoblastoma from 1958 to 1998 in Northern Europe: advantages of birth cohort analysis. Ophthalmology. 2004;111:1228–32.