Age-Related Macular Degeneration – AMD
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized by pathological changes of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), progressive degeneration of photoreceptors, thickened Bruch’s membrane and choroidal neovascularization. These alterations lead to the loss of sharp, central vision. It is an age-related process and usually develops after a person reaches 50 years.In Western Europe and USA 30% of people older than 75 years suffer from different types of AMD. 85-90% cases of AMD are dry AMD, which have no treatment. 10-15% cases of AMD are wet AMD, which have number of treatments available (injection into the eye to stop further development) and early diagnosis can save vision.
AMD increased risk assessment enables prevention and early diagnosis of the disease. The early diagnosis is vital to delay progression of disease and vision loss.
Indications for genetic testing:
- Risk determination of at-risk individuals for early diagnosis and prediction of disease progression
- Risk assessment of individuals with family history of AMD
- Genetic counseling